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The architecture of an era is always dependent on the techniques of representation and production used by architects and constructors. Architecture has always been perceived as an interaction between form and structure. This concept was clearly delivered during the Gothic Architecture period when these issues gave birth to sophisticated structures. During the Gothic period, there is a coincidence between shaped materials (geometry) and structure that is a result of a motivation that is at the same time spiritual and scientific (Stefano Lenci, Laura Consolini, Percorsi per un Metodo progettuale tra forma e struttura, I edition: Ottobre 2007, Aracne editors). In the modern era, we can see how many designers have tried to design and construct objects that become a part of a collection of the architecture works, but they are simultaneously objects where the structure and the correlated material has an important role, thus determining the formal aspect. The research of new construction methods for the future, however, is the result of intuition and experimentation with new construction techniques and knowledge of new materials. Choosing or creating adequate technologies (robotic or software) designers are no longer limited in their creativity. As expressed in a quote by William Mitchell “architects draw what they can build and build what they can draw” we can understand how the architecture workflow implies nowadays a more complex approach thanks to the development of digital technologies for construction such as parametric design and CNC machines and 3D printing. These changes within production allow us to achieve a high level of customization able to satisfy the different needs. In economic terms, the skills associated with CNC machines make mass-production of identical elements unnecessary, causing at the same time the rise of a new issue which is mass-customization. Nowadays various research projects proceed to explore how 3D printing enters the world of large-scale, functional objects and sustainable materials while allowing unprecedented freedom of form and developing innovative, cost-effective robotic technology and software. (Jacobc Krauel, Contemporary Digital Architecture: Design & Techniques, November 2010 , Links).
We believe that architecture shapes behavior.
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